December 9, 2015 was a historic date for youth: it was finally recognized officially on the peace and security agenda. It is the day when the member countries of the United Nations Security Council voted unanimously in favor of resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace and Security. Its focus on youth, peace and security is the first of its kind, recognizing young people as key agents of social change in situations of prevention and conflict resolution, as well as strategic actors in the construction of prosperous, inclusive societies with lasting peace.
It defines young people as between the ages of 18-29 – an age that is swallowed up by what is legally considered as adulthood, despite the fact that it is often not recognized the same rights as those considered adults, in practice. So far, youth has been limited to be considered as or a group to defend (describing some youth groups as victims) or as a group from which society needs to defend itself (describing some youth grupos as perpetrators of violence). With this resolution, for the first time a vision of young people as protagonist actors that can play a central role in the construction of peace and the fight against violence is promoted.
The birth of the resolution comes from the work that was done in Jordan on August 21 and 22, 2015 at the World Forum on Youth, Peace and Security. This forum was organized to recognize the important role that young people have in the construction of peace. Young people have long participated in the prevention of violence, the fight against violent extremism, the transformation of conflicts and the construction of peace in their communities. However, their work often lacks recognition and support. During this forum, the first thematic debate on youth, peace and security was promoted with more than 100 countries around the world. The more than 600 participants, among whom many were young people, but also UN agencies, academics, governmental agencies, and donors, shared experiences on the impact of youth in the prevention of violence and in the consolidation of peace.
During this forum, the Amman Declaration was written, which includes recommendations for an international scenario which is more sensitive and conducive to the participation of young people. It also reflects the commitment of young people to work for peace through a common vision – and – establishes a roadmap to reinforce a political framework that supports young people in the transformation of conflicts. After the forum in Amman was over, conversations about the role of young people continued in the security council of the United Nations.
Like every UN resolution, the UNSCR 2250 is based on other resolutions already approved by the security council, in order to recognize and enforce the work previously done. The resolution itself refers to a variety of resolutions on Women, peace and security, on counteracting the spread of terrorism and post conflict peacebuilding. One of these is the UNSCR 1325, on Women, Security and Peace that was approved in the year 2000. The 1325 was a milestone for the inclusion of women in peace and security issues. The pillars of the resolution are:
– Disengagement and reintegration
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